Welcome! My name is Daniel Lim Jhao Jian. Here is where I share my experience, knowledge and ideas. You are welcome to leave comments and follow my blog. You are free to copy anything from this blog. Please recommend this blog to your friends.

Thursday, 27 December 2012

Install Windows 8

Here, I am going to write about how to install Windows 8 on your conputer. Windows 8 is the new version of Windows operating system after Windows 7. Windows 8 was released on 26 October 2012. I am been hearing about Windows 8 since year 2010. At the end of year 2011, a few preview versions of Windows 8 were released, which were Release Preview, Developer Preview and Consumer Preview. They could be downloaded and installed for free. I was interested to install Windows 8, but I did not do so because the Windows 8 preview would eventually expire and the computer hard disk must be formatted in order to revert to Windows 7. Later, because I was busy studying for my SPM examination, I did not pay attention to the release of Windows 8. However, at November 2012, I often saw advertisements about Windows 8 on the television. Therefore, after my SPM ended, I decided to upgrade my Windows 7 computer to Windows 8. The upgrade was successful, although I faced some problems during the installation. Here, I am going to share with you on the procedure to install Windows 8.

There are 4 different methods to install Windows 8:
1. Upgrade: This method will replace the current version of windows with Windows 8. All the files, settings and programs in your computer will be kept. This method is the easiest of all. However, some programs may not work properly after the upgrade, and the computer performance may decrease.
2. Clean installation: This mehod will delete the current version of Windows and delete all files, programs and settings on your computer, then install Windows 8 on your computer. Therefore, you have to backup your files and programs before installing Windows 8.
3. Dual-boot: This method will install Windows 8 alongside the current version of Windows. All your files, settings and programs will be kept. It allows you to have 2 different versions of Windows on your computer at the same time. You can choose to use either one whenever you start your computer. However, this can destroy all files on the computer if it is done wrongly. Also, your computer hard drive must have more disk space to do so.
4. Virtual machine: This method will install Windows 8 on a virtual machine. It won't affect your current version of Windows or any files and programs on your computer, even if it is done wrongly. You can use Windows 8 inside the current version of Windows. However, the performance of Windows 8 may decrease if you use this method. Also, your computer hardware specification must be high.

Before you install Windows 8, you must make sure that your computer hardware meets the system requirements of Windows 8. If your computer does not meet the requirements, you must upgrade your computer hardware first. If you are installing Windows 8 in a virtual machine (Method 4), your computer must have RAM and hard disk space that is double the system requirement. The system requirement of Windows 8 are as follows:
1. Processor: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster with support for PAE, NX and SSE2
2. RAM: 1 gigabyte (GB) (32-bit) or 2 GB (64-bit)
3. Hard disk space: 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)
4. Graphics card: Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver

You are also advised to run the Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant software on your computer to see if the software and hardware you use are compatible with Windows 8. You can download Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant for free at . If it detects some problems, follow its instructions to solve the problems. If you performing a clean installation of Windows 8, you should also back up all your files on a pen drive, external hard drive, memory cards or others. If your computer is currently running Windows ME or older, your computer is probably very old and therefore you should not attempt to install Windows 8 on that computer.

If you are ready to upgrade to Windows 8, you have to buy a Windows 8 DVD. Note that Windows 8 is not a free software. The price is around a few hundred ringgits. Windows 8 have 2 editions, Windows 8 and Windows 8 Pro. Windows 8 Pro is more expensive than Windows 8, but has more features. There are 2 versions of Windows 8, which are 32-bit and 64-bit. 64-bit Windows 8 is faster and better than 32-bit Windows 8, but needs higher system requirements (Refer to the system requirements above). Note that 64-bit Windows 8 can run both 64-bit and 32-bit programs but not 16-bit programs, while 32-bit Windows 8 can run both 32-bit and 16-bit programs but not 64-bit programs. You can purchase Windows 8 DVD at computer stores.

The steps to install Windows 8 depends on the method you are using. Here are the steps:

Method 1: Upgrade
(Note: You can keep all programs and files if you are currently using Windows 7. If you are using Windows Vista or XP, you can keep files only but not programs. This method does not work with Windows 2000.)

1. Start your computer and log into the current version of Windows.
2. Insert the Windows 8 DVD into the CD drive, then go to Computer to open it.
3. Open setup.exe .
4. Wait until the setup preparation is complete.
5. Key in the Windows 8 Product Key and click Next. The product key can be found on the box of the Windows 8 DVD.
6. Tick I accept the license terms and click Accept.
7. Select Keep Windows settings, personal files, and apps and click Next.
8. Wait for the system checking to complete.
9. When it says ready to install, click Install.
10. Wait for the Windows 8 installation to complete.
11. After the installation is complete, restart your computer.
12. You have successfully installed Windows 8.

Method 2: Clean Installation
(Note: This method will delete all files and programs on your computer. Make sure that you backup all your files before you begin.)

1. Start your computer.
2. At the start screen showing your computer's manufacturer which appears before the starting windows screen, look for something like Press F2 to enter BIOS Setup or similar.
3. Press the key displayed to enter BIOS Setup. Usually the key is F2, DEL, F1 or ESC.
4. In the BIOS Setup, look for an option named Boot Device Priority or something similar and go to that option.
5. Rearrange the devices so that the CD or DVD Drive is arranged before the hard disk drive.
6. Save the settings and exit. To do so, usually you have to press a key displayed on the screen.
7. Insert the Windows 8  DVD into the CD drive, then restart the computer.
8. When the screen says Press any key to boot from CD or DVD. , press a key on your keyboard.
9. Wait while the Windows 8 setup is loading.
10. Choose the language for Windows and set Keyboard or input method as US.
11. Click Next and then click Install Now.
12. Wait for the Windows 8 setup to start.
13. Key in the Windows 8 Product Key and click Next. The product key can be found on the box of the Windows 8 DVD.
14. Tick I accept the license terms and click Accept.
15. Select Custom: Install Windows only (advanced).
16. Select the hard disk partition that you want to install Windows 8 on. Usually it is Drive 0 Partition 1, which is the C: drive. All data in that partition will be erased to install Windows 8. If you see an error message, try selecting other partitions.
17. Click Next.
18. Wait for the Windows 8 installation to complete.
19. When your computer restarts, remove the Windows 8 DVD from the CD drive.
20. You have successfully installed Windows 8.

Method 3: Virtual Machine
(Note: Your computer must have RAM and hard disk space that is double the system requirement of Windows 8. Refer to above for the Windows 8 system requirements.)

1. Download VMWare Player from then install it.
2. Open VMWare Player.
3. Click Create a New Virtual Machine.
4. Insert the Windows 8 DVD into the CD drive of your computer.
5. Click Installer disc, select your CD drive and click Next.
6. Select Guest Operating System as Microsoft Windows and version as Windows 8.
7. Key in the Windows 8 product key and your name, then click Next.
8. Click Next.
9. Ensure that the Maximum disk size is 100GB and store virtual disk as a single file is selected, then click Next.
10. Click Finish.
11. VMWare will automatically install Windows 8. Follow the on-screen instructions on continue. About 30 minutes is needed to install Windows 8.
12. After Windows 8 has finished installing, the virtual machine will automatically turn on.
13. On the bottom, there should be a bar about VMWare Tools. Connect to the internet and click Download Tools or Update Tools.
14. Wait for the download of VMWare Tools to complete.
15. In the virtual machine, open My Computer and double-click the CD drive with the name of VMWare Tools.
16. Install VMWare Tools in the virtual computer.
17. You have successfully installed Windows 8 in VMWare Player.

Method 4: Dual-boot

The process to set up dual-boot is rather complicated and can destroy the current version of Windows and all data on your computer if done incorrectly. It involves creating a new hard disk partition for Windows 8. Note that a hard disk can have a maximum of only 4 partitions. If you create a 5th partition, your hard disk will be converted from Basic disk to Dynamic disk. This can cause serious problems to your computer and Windows 8 cannot be installed on Dynamic disk . Additionally, Windows 8 must be installed AFTER the earlier version of Windows has been installed, not the other way round, otherwise it can cause your computer to be unusable. I have tried to set up dual-boot before but it failed, so I won't write about the steps to set up dual boot here. If you want to know more, you can search on the internet.

Whatever method you use, you may have to activate Windows 8 after installing. You will be notified by Windows to activate it. To activate Windows 8, just follow the instructions given at the notification windows. Activation is completely free, but requires internet connection. If you install Windows 8 on more than 1 computer using the same product key, you can only activate it successfully on either 1 computer. If you do not activate Windows 8, certain features such as Personalization will be disabled and you will be periodically notified to activate. Unlike Windows Vista and Windows 7, there is no 30 days grace period for Windows 8 and Windows 8 will not enter Reduced Functionality Mode if you do not activate it.

Wednesday, 26 December 2012

My Primary School and Secondary School Life

What do you do every day, other than going to school? For me, my activities are almost the same every day, but it changes from time to time. For example, my daily life changed when I entered Form 1 from Standard 6. I can remember my daily live from the year 2007 until now.

At the year 2007, I was in Standard 6. I was studying in SRJK(C) Chong Cheng. The school started at 7:25AM and ended at 1:05PM. Every day, I woke up at 6:45AM. I did not take my bath early in the morning, but I only brushed my teeth and washed my face. After that, I would have breakfast and then go to school. My grandfather took me to school with his car. Usually, I was just in time for school, but sometimes I was late. After coming back from school, I would have my unch. After that, I would take my bath. Then, I would do my homework and study. I usually do not sleep in the afternoon. From 6PM to 7PM, I would watch the drama series "The Spirits of Love" shown on Astro AEC every Monday to Friday. At 8PM, I would have dinner. After dinner, I would continue to study or do homework until 11PM. Then, I would take my bath and go to bed.

After I entered Form 1 in SMK Sultan Badlishah, I attended school in the afternoon. The school started at 12:30PM and ended at 6:30PM. I woke up at 9:30AM every day. After that, I would have breakfast. I did not take my bath at this time, I just brushed my teeth, washed my face and changed clothes. Sometimes my grandparents would buy home breakfast for me while sometimes I would follow them out to eat. After breakfast, I would study or do yesterday's homework. At 11:30AM, I would take my bath and then eat lunch. After that, I would go to school. Again, usually I was just in time for school, and sometimes I was late. After coming back from school, it was already 6:45PM. The drama series "The Spirits of Love" was still showing when I was in Form 1 and ended at 30 December 2008. Every day it showed from 6:00PM to 7:00PM and it repeated at 12:00PM to 1:00PM on the next day. Because of that, I could watch only 2 episodes per week on Friday, while for the others I could watch only a little part after coming back from school every day. After watching that little part, I would take my bath. I would eat dinner at 8PM. Then, I would do homework and study until 11.30PM. After that, I would brush my teeth, wash my face and then sleep.

When I entered From 2, most of my daily activities were the same as when I was in Form 1. I also attended school in the afternnoon. However, there were some changes. I took my bath in the morning every day when I woke up. Because of that, I could study until 12.00PM every day, then I would eat lunch and go to school. When I was in Form 2, the drama series "The Spirits of Love" had already over, and I did not have any new shows to watch, so I seldom watch TV. After coming back from school every day, my activities were basically the same as when I was in Form 1, except that I slept daily at 12AM, not at 11:30PM.

During the Ramadhan month when I was in Form 1 and From 2, the school started at 11:45AM and ended at 5:30PM every day. I woke up at 9AM every day, half an hour earliar than usual. I had to eat lunch early every day, which is at 11:15AM. When I was in Form 1, I could watch "The Spirits of Love" every day because it was only 5:45PM when I came home from school.

When I entered Form 3 on 2010, I have to attend school in the morning, as when I was in Primary school. The school starts at 7:20AM and ends at 1:10PM. For Sunday and Monday, it ends at 1:45PM. I wake up at 6:30AM every day. I do not take my bath because it was too early. I only wash my face, brush my teeth and change clothes. I eat breakfast and then go to school. I usually arrive at school very early. After coming back from school, I will eat lunch and then take my bath. Sometimes, I will take my bath before I have lunch. After that, I will sleep for an hour. After I wake up, I will do homework and study. Now, I have a new drama series to watch, which is "My Family My Love". It is shown on 8TV from 6PM to 7PM every Monday to Friday. I watch it every day. I have my dinner at 8PM every day. Then, I will continue to study and do homework until 11.30PM. After that, I will take my bath and sleep.

Every Friday and Saturday, I have no school. My daily activities are basically like other days and are the same from Standard 6 until now, but there are some differences. I usually wake up at 9:30AM every day. After waking up, I will follow my grandparents outside to eat breakfast, either in Kulim, Bukit Mertajam or even Butterworth. During Standard 6 and Form 1, I usually take my bath at 1:00PM but from Form 2 onwards until now, I take my bath when I wake up in the morning. During Form 1, I watched "The Spirits of Love" every Friday at 12PM to 1PM and at 6PM to 7PM. At every Saturday, usually I have no show to watch. At Standard 6 and Form 1, I usually sleep at 11:45PM while at Form 2 and Form 3, I sleep at 12:15AM.

Starting from June until one week before my PMR exam, I had to attended night classes at school every Sunday to Wednesday. My daily activities are basically the same like normal school days. However, I every afternoon I sleep only until 4:30PM. After that, I will do homework and study until 6PM. From 6PM until 7PM, I will watch the drama series 'My Family My Love'. After that, I will get ready to go for the night class. At 7:15PM, I will have dinner. I went to the night class every day at 8PM. The night class started at 8:15PM and ended at 10:15PM. My grandfather took me to the night class and back home every day with his car. When I reached home from night class every day, it is 10:45PM. At that time, I will take my bath. After that, I will do homework and study until 12:15AM, then I will sleep.

During exam, my daily activities also changed. I studied the whole day. Usually, I do not watch my drama series. At Form 1 and 2, I wake up at 8:30AM daily. At Friday and Saturday during From 3, I also wake up at 8:30AM daily. At night, I will study until 12:30AM. These will ensure that I have more time to study for my exam. However, in the afternoon I still sleep for an hour.

After my PMR exam, I spend most of my time enjoying myself, rather than to study. I used the usual studying time to play computer games, surf the internet and carry out other leisure activities. Of course, sometimes I would study for the Form 4 topics. Also, I will attend school every day and will not play truants.

When I was in Standard 6, I liked the Standard 6 life and was worried about Form 1 life. Then when I entered Form 1, I found out that it was quite good. However, at that time I disliked afternoon school, and I preferred morning school. Then when I was in Form 2, I began to like afternoon school. However, soon I had to study in morning school when I entered Form 3. Form 3 life is good, but I feel that Form 1 and Form 2 life is better, because I preferred afternoon school. I am hoping to go back to Form 1 or Form 2, but I know it is impossibble. The after PMR life is the best.

I entered Form 4 on 2011. My daily life is basically the same as my Form 3 life, but there are some differences. The school starts on 7:20AM and ends on 1:45PM daily. On Sunday and Monday, the school starts on 7:20AM and ends on 2:20PM. However, the Chinese class is held after school hours on certain days. Since I took Chinese for Form 4 so I had to attend the classes. In the beginning, the Chinese class was held every Thursday from 2:15PM to 3:15PM. Every Thursday after the school ended on 1:45PM, I would have lunch in my grandparents' car. My grandmother usually bring food for me. I would go home at 3:15PM. However, the time for Form 4 Chinese class had changed since June 2011. The Chinese class is held every Tuesday and Thursday from 1:45PM to 2:15PM. Therefore, I no longer need to have lunch in the car but I had to go home everyday at 2:15PM except every Wednesday. Later, I decided to drop Chinese but I still attended every Chinese class and will continue to do so.

At July 2011, my favourite drama series 'My Family My Love' comes to an end. The new drama series 'Family Harmony' replaced it. I liked the drama series 'Family Harmony' as well. So, every Monday to Friday from 6:00PM to 7:00PM, I would watch the drama series 'Family Harmony'. Since Form 4, I attended tuition classes for Malay, Mathematics and Additional Mathematics subjects. The Malay tuition is held every Friday from 8:30AM to 10:15AM. Every Friday, I had to wake up early at 7:30AM. I will have breakfast before going for the Malay tuition. The Mathematics and Additional Mathematics tuition was held every Wednesday from 3:15PM to 6:45PM and every Saturday from 2:30PM to 6:00PM. After returning home from school every Wednesday at 1:45PM, I will have lunch and take my bath. After that, I will go for Mathematics and Additional Mathematics tuition at 3:15PM. I cannot watch the drama series 'Family Harmony' every Wednesday because it usually ends before I return home from tuition.

After I finished my Form 4 Year-end examination which was held from 9 October 2011 to 20 October 2011, I had the chance to experience the life similar to my 'After PMR life' once again. I spend most of my time enjoying myself, rather than to study. I used the usual studying time to play computer games, surf the internet and carry out other leisure activities. Of course, sometimes I would study for the Form 5 topics. Also, I attended school every day although most of the other students would skip school sometimes.

I entered Form 5 in 2012. My Form 5 life was almost the same as Form 4 life. However, in Form 5, I was busier than when I was in Form 4. I spent most of the time studying for the SPM. The time for Form 5 Chinese Class also changed. It was held every Wednesday and Thursday from 1:45PM to 2:15PM. I no longer took Chinese in Form 5, but I continued to attend every Chinese Class. The Malay tuition also changed time. It was held on every Friday from 8:00AM to 9:45AM. Every Friday, I still woke up at 7:30AM. I always went straight for the tuition without taking breakfast. After the tuition, I would have breakfast with my grandparents.

After I finished my SPM which was held from 5 November 2012 to 27 November 2012, I spent most of my time enjoying myself. My 'After SPM life' was much like my 'After PMR life' and 'After Form 4 Year-end Exam life'. I spent my time playing computer games, surfing the internet, watching television and carrying out other leisure activities. Sometimes I would also read some of the Form 6 topics. Although I do not plan to enter Form 6, the Form 6 topics are similar to the topics in A-levels and Matriculation. I also started learning how to drive a car.

When I was in Form 4 and 5, I liked my form 4 life and form 5 life. I did not miss my form 1 to form 3 life. In fact, after an incident happened on 10 July 2012, I treasured every moment of my form 5 life. (I will write more about the incident on 10 July 2012 on this blog soon) That incident also made me miss my form 4 and form 5 life so much after my SPM. My after SPM life may be relaxing but I still preferred my form 4 and form 5 life much more.

Saturday, 22 December 2012

My 2011 Year-end School Holiday

The 2011 year-end school holiday started on 18 November 2011. But for me, it actually started on 20 October 2011. The reason is that 20 October 2011 was the last day of the Form 4 year end examination. The Form 4 year end examination started on 9 October 2011. Compared to the previous years, the examination started very early because the deadline to key in the examination marks to the Sistem Analisis Peperiksaan Sekolah (SAPS) was at 2 November 2011. I remembered how hard I had to study to ensure that I could finish revising all the topics before the exam. Therefore, I wanted to relax after the exam ends. On 20 October 2011, one teacher in my school retired. After the exam ended, a celebration was held at the school hall.

There was actually a one-week school holiday from 21 to 29 October 2011 for celeberation of Deepavali. I used that week to relax myself. I did not go anywhere and I just stayed in Kulim. I spent my time surfing the internet, playing computer games and watching television. My parents also came back from Kuala Lumpur to visit me. I also bought some Form 5 revision books to read. I was a bit worried of my examination results, especially for Bahasa Melayu, because I did not get any the results yet.

The school reopened on 30 October 2011. During that week, I got my examination results. The first subject I got was Bahasa Melayu, which was the subject that I worried the most. Before my teacher gave back the examination papers, she was very angry because 2 students in my class played truant. Later, I was quite happy when I knew that I got 88 marks for Bahasa Melayu. Even though it was not A+, I expected to get only A-. I also heard that many students could not score well in Pendidikan Moral because the teacher was strict. I was quite worried about Pendidikan Moral. Later, I was so happy when I got 94 marks for Pendidikan Moral. Our teacher also agreed to give 2 bonus marks to all students. A few of my friends borrowed my exam paper to help them claim for extra marks from the teacher. Soon, I knew the results for all the other subjects except Biology and managed to score A+ for all the subjects.

I considered 2 November 2011 as an interesting day. Our Chemistry teacher let us carry out an experiment because although the exam was over, we did not finish our PEKA. The experiment was on neutralisation reaction between hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. However, our teacher was not free and she asked another Chemistry teacher to take over. A few boys in my class arrived late at the laboratory. They explained that another teacher was in the class and stopped them from going to the lab. This resulted in a quarrel between the boys and the teacher. The experiment was carried out in groups with 2 students in each group. My group partner was my friend, NBL. The experiment was quite successful, except that our teacher mistaken HCl to be NaOH and NaOH to be HCl. After the experiment, it was Biology. I knew the marks for Biology Paper 1 and Paper 2 on that day. I was quite confident in Biology but was disappointed when I knew that I got only 80/100 for Paper 2. Later, I found out that my teacher counted wrongly and I actually got 84/100. My teacher said she would be giving Biology Paper 3 only on the next day. I was very worried because I need at least 47/50 for Paper 3 in order to get an A+. On the next day, I was so disappointed to know that I only got 44/50 for Paper 3, which means that I only got 88 marks (no A+). But I could actually get 1 more mark for Paper 3 due to marking errors, so my teacher added 1 mark for me and my marks became 89. Since I was just 1 mark away from A+, my teacher finally agreed to give me 1 bonus mark so that I could get 90. I got A+ for Biology successfully. What a narrow escape! So, overall I got 9A+ 1A, A for Bahasa Melayu.

After that, there were 2 more weeks before the year-end school holidays started. During that 2 weeks, I went to school every day. However, there were no more lessons, even though our teacher had not finished the topics for many subjects because the exam started too early. In school, I played with my friends. I learnt for the first time how to play poker and I enjoyed playing it very much. Our teacher asked the Form 4 students to move to the Form 5 classrooms because the Form 5 classrooms are just opposite the staffroom and they could monitor us easier. It was very much like year 2010 after the PMR ended.

11 November 2011 should be a special day because of 11/11/11. I was waiting for 11:11PM. However 11:11PM of 11 November 2011 turned up to be very frightening. At that time, I was doing some exercises on Chemistry and it was raining very heavily. I heard a lot of thunders. I was afraid that the main switch of my house might cut off the electricity. Suddenly, I heard a very loud thunder. It seemed that the lightning struck directly in front my house. Strangely, the electricity was not cut off. But on the next day, I knew that the roof a house located near my house had a big hole broken, caused by the lightning.

However, 14 November 2011 was a sad day for me. My mother telephoned me and told me that my mother-side-grandmother living in Penang had passed away on the night before that. My grandparents and I attended her funeral on 16 November 2011. My parents also came back to Penang from Kuala Lumpur. The SPM 2011 also started on 14 November 2011. On the 15 November 2011, all students throughout Malaysia received RM100 from the government. My grandparents did not go to school to take it so I took it myself. 17 November 2011 was the last day of school. The Konferensi Waris of my school was held on that day. My grandparents also did not attend it.

The 2011 year-end school holiday officially started on 18 November 2011. For the first 2 weeks of the school holidays, I stayed in Kulim. For the 1st week, I just relaxed. I surfed the internet, played computer games and watched television. However, for the 2nd week, I began studying. I revised the Form 4 topics instead of studying Form 5 topics because my teachers did not finish the last few topics for every subjects.

2 weeks later, I went to Kuala Lumpur on 4 December 2011. My parents came back to Kulim on 3 December 2011 to fetch me. There, I stayed in my parents' house in Subang Jaya. I went shopping at many shopping malls.

On 12 December 2011, I went to Singapore with my parents for holidays. We went there for 3 days and 2 nights. We did not plan to visit Singapore this year because we went to Singapore during year 2010 and 2009. However, my mother-side-grandfather had booked plane tickets for our family to go to Singapore and therefore we had to go. We flew there in a Silk Air aeroplane. In Singapore, we stayed in Meritus Mandarin Hotel, which was the same hotel we stayed when we visited Singapore in 2009. We did not visit any places in Singapore because the trip was short and we already went there twice. We only went shopping in shopping centres near the hotel. We went back to Kuala Lumpur on 14 December 2011.

Two days later, at night of 16 December 2011, my father drove my family and I back to Penang. According to the Chinese custom, we had to pray to my mother-side-grandmother who had passed away. Early morning on 17 December 2011, we went to Kek Lok Si Temple in Penang to pray to my mother-side-grandmother. After that, we had lunch in Penang. After lunch, we went back straight to Kuala Lumpur. We did not go to Kulim.

I spent another week in Kuala Lumpur. On 25 December 2011, my father drove me back to Kulim. There was another week before the school reopened. During that week, I spent my time studying. I still revised on the Form 4 topics and did not read any of the Form 5 topics. A few days later, at night of 30 December 2011, my parents came back to Kulim again. We had to pray to my mother-side-grandmother again. Early morning of 31 December 2011, I and my parents went to Kek Lok Si temple in Penang. After that, we stayed in Penang for a night at Vistana Hotel. On the next day 1 January 2012, we had lunch at Equatorial Hotel in Penang. After lunch, we went back to Kulim. That night, my parents returned to Kuala Lumpur.

The school reopened on 3 January 2012. Actually, all students in my school were required to go to school on 1 January 2012 for 'gotong-royong', but I did not attend it because I was in Penang. I also heard rumours that the school would rearrange all students into different classes. I hoped that the school don't do that because I did not want to part with my friends. At last, it turned up to be not true.

3 January 2012 marked the end of the 2011 year-end school holiday.

Wednesday, 28 November 2012

My Greatest Enemy

I have many friends, but I also have a few enemies. Among my enemies, there is one that I really hate the most. If you are my classmate during Form 4 and Form 5, then you should know who he is. I won't hesitate to say his name. He is Thinnesh Kumar. He was once my good friend, but later became my enemy. There are several reasons on why I hated him, took him as my enemy and often quarrel with him. I will explain all this here. But before I say why we became enemies, I would say first about how I knew him and how we became friends.

This dates back to year 2008. At 2008, I entered Form 1 in SMKSB. I did not know most of the students in SMKSB. However, many of them started talking to me by asking questions about me and my family. He was one of them. He liked to ask me this question 'You are not working?' in Hokkien Chinese. He must have learnt that phase from a Chinese friend. Actually, I disliked this. I look this as an act of destroying Chinese language, as he could not speak well. Then, in March 2008, I had my first Moral lesson. It was held in my class. As there were no other vacant places, he sat with me. Then, we talked to each other a lot and we started becoming friends. I then knew that he name is Thinnesh Kumar and he was in the next class.

After that, during every Moral lesson, I would sit with Thinnesh Kumar, as my class and his class always had the Moral lesson together in one class. Although we were friends, he liked to disturb me, such as taking my things and poking me. There was another Chinese boy who also liked to disturb me. Thinnesh was a bit strange. Sometimes he would join that Chinese boy disturbing me but sometimes he would support me saying that Chinese boy was naughty. Sometimes I would quarrel with Thinnesh but that didn't affect our friendship. The same thing goes for year 2009. He would usually sit with me during every Moral lesson.

At year 2010, he seldom sat with me during the Moral lesson. He had many other Indian friends so he did not want to sit with me. As a result, our friendship was no that close as earlier. Still, I took him as my friend. At the year end after the PMR exam, we sometimes played chess together. Then, on the following year 2011, we were in different classes at first. Then on February 2011, the school rearranged the students in school. As a result, Thinnesh entered my class. When I knew that, I was quite happy in the beginning because I had one more friend in my class. He sat behind me, but he would come and sit beside me whenever the classmate beside me is absent. I often talked to him and we became good friends.

However, our friendship started having problems since April 2011. Before that, there are several reasons that causes me to dislike Thinnesh Kumar. First, he liked to tease me very much. One day after our PMR, a teacher asked us to create a gadget. I purposely said the word 'gadget' wrongly. He often used that to tease me for not pronouncing properly after that incident. Whenever I said something in class, he liked to repeat what I said in a strange way. He was trying to say that I spoke strangely.

Thinnesh also had the habit of looking low on the Chinese. He liked to tease a culture commonly practiced by the Chinese because the Indians don't practice that culture. He would also say that Chinese people are useless and selfish. He also said that he hated the China Civilization and the Buddhist religion. Therefore, I hated him.

He was a restless person. He liked to move around at all times, even when he was punished by a teacher. I consider this as 'hyperactive'. Besides, he also liked to speak loudly in Tamil. He liked to talk to Indian girls very much. Whenever he was talking to an Indian girl, he didn't seem to care anything else other than talking. I disliked him to speak loudly in Tamil as this was a disrespect to those who don't understand Tamil. To me, if he wanted to speak in Tamil, he should not speak loudly and only when necessary, and if he wanted to speak loudly, he should speak in English or Malay. He liked to sing Tamil songs loudly as well. All the other Indian boys in my class were different from him.

He also liked to tease me, especially since April 2011. He would call me 'big head' or 'kepala besar' very often. To me, there is nothing wrong to have a big head and my head isn't really that big. My Biology teacher once told him that it is good to have a big head filled with knowledge but he just ignored it. He did not respect teachers very much. In my opinion, he was only treating the teachers as someone same age as him. He also like to ask me to fight in the field and threatens to kick a ball to smash my glasses. Moreover, he likes to tease the students who take ICT subject because he himself takes Prinsip Perakaunan. He liked to say that the ICT subject is useless and Prinsip Perakaunan is much more useful.

In addition, he liked to disturb me such as touching me and taking my things. He also liked to take my things. Once, he took my name card. I did not want to give it to him as he was my enemy so I insisted that he return it to me. When he finally handed it back to me, he tore off a corner of the name card. He is a good friend of a Malay boy who is also naughty. At first, that Malay boy seldom disturbed me but after Thinnesh came to our class, that Malay boy joined him to disturb me. Thinnesh also liked to disturb the Malay girls in my class, especially those who were my good friends. His intention is to make me angry as I hate seeing my friends being bullied.

On April 2011, we started becoming enemies. The immediate reason that causes this to happen is because on 19 April 2011, a Malay girl, NBQ from another school transferred to our school. That girl was placed in my class, 4SC1. After the new girl entered my class, I wanted to be friends with her. Most boys in my class could easily start a conversation with her. However, I was shy so I was afraid to do it. When Thinnesh knew about it, he purposely stopped me from being friends with that girl. He said to the new girl that I was a psycho and he also said that I liked the girl. Although what he said was completely not true, Thinnesh had destroyed my impression. As a result, it was even difficult for me to be friends with that girl. I was so angry with Thinnesh that I stopped being friends with Thinnesh and started taking him as my enemy. Straight away I told Thinnesh that I won't be friends with him anymore. At first, I decided that I will be friend with Thinnesh again after the new girl has become my friend.

After that incident, the quarrel between me and Thinnesh started. He disturbed and teased me even more than before. One day, I returned to my class after recess. It was Physics period and we had to go to the Science lab. I took out my Physics books from my bag. Suddenly, Thinnesh came and he took away one of my book. I chased him to get back my book. However, he kept on running and I could not run after him. Then, another boy in my class also did the same by taking another of my book. Some other boys in my class also supported Thinnesh. Thinnesh and all the boys in my class then ran to the Physics lab. I had to chase them until the Physics lab. I told the Physics teacher that Thinnesh and another boy took my book. But, both of them denied. Thinnesh secretly put back my book on my table and he told the Physics teacher that I was accusing him. Luckily, the Physics teacher didn't quite believe him. As for my other book, I had to snatch it back from the other boy who stole it.

One week after the new girl entered my class, I finally could talk to her. Thanks to the few other girls in my class who helped me by introducing me to the new girl. I started to be friends with the new girl. I was not shy anymore. Earlier, I had decided to be friend with Thinnesh again after the new girl has become my friend. However, due to Thinnesh's poor attitude and his consistent teasing and disturbing, I decided to continue taking Thinnesh as my enemy. After that, a few other incidents regarding Thinnesh had happened.

Once, Thinnesh sprayed my hair with a liquid. I did not know what the liquid was but I saw the container of the liquid writing 'Flammable'. Since it is a flammable liquid, Thinnesh should not have played with it. I was also afraid that my hair may catch fire. So, I took revenge by throwing his book on the floor and pushing down his table to the floor. All his things in the drawer dropped to the floor. As a result, Thinnesh nearly started a fight with me. One day during May 2011, the place beside a Malay girl in my class was empty because the girl sitting there was absent. Thinnesh purposely sat there. That Malay girl was my good friend. I told Thinnesh to get out because that wasn't his place but he refused to. Instead, he put his hand near the shoulder of that Malay girl. This incident shows that he liked to disturb the Malay girls in my class. One day during June 2011, I said to other people that Thinnesh was smelly. Earlier Thinnesh had several times teased me by saying that I was smelly. I wanted to take revenge. When Thinnesh knew about that, he was angry. He denied that earlier he had said that I was smelly and he wanted to start a fight with me.

On 7 July 2011, a fight broke out between me and Thinnesh. At that time, the Mathematics period had just over. Thinnesh purposely bang me while walking. So, I bang him back. He was angry then bang me again. I was angry with him so I pushed him. He shouted at me and challenged me to fight with him. I replied 'Come on'. He pushed me backwards. I then hit him. As a result, he pushed me very hard then smacked on my face. I tried to defend myself but I failed. My glasses fell off to the ground. Luckily it did not break. The other boys in my class came to stop the fight. They told me that I should smack Thinnesh rather than just defending. I told them that I can do so but I don't want because if I do so Thinnesh might get hurt and I may be punished. Later, another boy in my class intentionally disturbed me by throwing a glue-stick on me, giving me a 'second-defeat'. Due to this incident, I posted on my Facebook wall 'I HATE THINNESH KUMAR !'.

On 14 August 2011, another incident happened. At that time I was collecting the class fund because I was the treasurer of my class. A Malay boy paid the money but he said that he didn't trust me. He wanted to tick his name on the name list by himself. So, I gave him the name list. I saw him taking my name list and walked to the front of the class. Later, I asked the Malay boy to return the name list. However, he said that he did not take it. I pulled hard on his hand and forced him to return the name list. He was weak and could not fight back but he insisted that the name list wasn't with him. Then, another boy came and pulled my hand away so that the Malay boy can escape. It was English period and we had to go to the multimedia room. The Malay boy and all other boys ran to the multimedia room. I walked there and told my English teacher about that. After the English period, the teacher asked the Malay boy to return the name list. However, he still denied that he took it. He ran back to the class. I caught him and forced him to return it. He said that Thinnesh took the name list. The Malay boy and a few Indian boy told me to get the name list from Thinnesh. I refused to do so because since the Malay boy gave the name list to Thinnesh, he should get it from Thinnesh, not me. I insisted that the Malay boy get the name list from Thinnesh. It was ICT/Prinsip Akaun period after that. The other boys then asked me to wait until the ICT/Prinsip Akaun period was over, then Thinnesh would return the name list to me. They said that Thinnesh had to pay attention during the Prinsip Akaun class so he could not return the name list until after the Prinsip Akaun period ended. I refused to wait because the name list belonged to me, so I have every right to get it back immediately. The Malay boy then ran to the ICT lab. I chased him to the ICT lab. I then told the ICT teacher about the incident. The teacher asked another boy to get back the name list from Thinnesh. Thinnesh had no choice but to return it to me. After the incident, that Malay boy explained to me that actually he did not give the name list to Thinnesh but Thinnesh snatched the name list from him. So, I forgive the Malay boy and put all the blame on Thinnesh because he should not have took the name list which did not belong to him.

One day during September 2011, I quarrelled with Thinnesh again. It was Physics period at that time. Our Physics teacher was teaching and he asked us to copy down some notes. However, he had collected an Indian boy's exercise book and had not returned it. The Indian boy had to copy the notes in a foolscap paper. He did not have foolscap paper so he borrowed from me. I lent him my test pad. While copying the notes, Thinnesh could not see a part of the blackboard. So, he asked that Indian boy what was written on the blackboard. The Indian boy gave Thinnesh my test pad to let Thinnesh copy what he had written. I did not want Thinnesh to take my test pad due to the 14 August incident earlier. I tried to take back the test pad from Thinnesh but he stopped me from doing so. Therefore, I took his book. He was angry and he hit his table. I then snatched back my test pad and returned his book to him. However, I was angry because he hit the table although it was him who took my test pad. So, I threatened to tear his book. He then challenged me for a fight. I scolded him 'stupid'. Immediately, he stand up and wanted to fight with me. The Physics teacher saw that and stopped our fight. Due to this incident, the Physics teacher was unhappy with both of us.

When I was in Form 5 during year 2012, I seldom quarreled with Thinnesh Kumar. It was because I always tried to avoid him. I knew that quarreling with him would affect my friends' and teachers' impression on me. However, towards the end of 2012, an incident regarding him still happened. On 11 October 2012, it was Biology period but my teacher left the class early because she had work to do. Thinnesh Kumar intentionally looked for troubles with me. He simply made up a story that was fake. He said that on that morning a girl in my class asked me a Mathematics question, but I answered her this way 'Macam ni pun tak tau hah?' (Like this also you don't know how to do?). Therefore, the girl was very sad and she told Thinnesh about that. Thinnesh said that he wanted to help that girl to teach me a lesson. He even announced that to the whole class. Actually, the whole case was not true and I definitely did not say that to the girl. However, some other Indian boys in my class believed Thinnesh and they said that I was wrong. I denied about the case, but they refused to believe me. In fact, one boy insisted that I was wrong. I shouted at him that I had not done wrong. Instead, he warned me not to raise my volume at him, otherwise he would punch me. Luckily, some Malay girls in my class believed me. Finally, the girl clarified that the whole case was just a misunderstanding and I did not say that to her. That incident made me decided to take Thinnesh as my enemy forever.

These are the reasons on why Thinnesh Kumar became my enemy. We often had a fight in class. Our teachers do not want to care much about this because they think that we are big enough to solve the conflicts between us. I wanted to report this to his parents but later I found out that his father had passed away. Some suggested that I move to another class but I will never do that. Why should I leave my friends when he is in the wrong? Instaed, I really hoped that he move to another class. I do not know when our conflicts will be solved but it is impossible for me to be friend with Thinnesh Kumar again. I won't be friends with Thinnesh again, not now, not in the near future or probably never will at all. Now, I have graduated from secondary school, but I will never forget what Thinnesh had done to me. I will take him as my enemy forever.

Thursday, 31 May 2012

SPM Additional Mathematics Project Work, SPM ICT Coursework and Kerja Kursus Pendidikan Moral SPM

All Form 4 and Form 5 students taking the Additional Mathematics, Information & Communications Technology (ICT) or Pendidikan Moral subject are required to do coursework. Marks given for the coursework will be added to the SPM examination. Do you have problems doing the courseworks? If yes, I can help you. Just download a copy of my coursework and use it as a guide to do your coursework. You are free to copy anything from my coursework (But, don't forget to change the name, class, teacher's name...) .
To download the coursework, copy and paste the download link below into the address bar, then open the link. The files are uploaded to 4shared. You may need a 4shared account in order to download it. If you don't have one, you can easily sign up a 4shared account for free.

Note 1: The Additional Mathematics Project Work below is for Kedah state for SPM 2012 only. It may not be relevant for other states or other years.
Note 2: For Kerja Kursus Pendidikan Moral (Tugasan Harian & Kerja Amal), you cannot type it using computer and it must be handwritten.
Note 3: The ICT courseworks below are for SPM 2012 and earlier. Starting from SPM 2013 onwards, there is a change in the ICT coursework assessment system. However, the coursework that need to be done remains mostly the same. So, the ICT courseworks below are still relevant for SPM 2013-2017.
Note 4: Starting from SPM 2018 onwards, the ICT subject will be replaced by Sains Komputer. The ICT courseworks below may not be applicable for Sains Komputer as it has a different syllabus and coursework assessment.

(A) Additional Mathematics Project Work

State: Kedah
Year: 2012
Title: Healthy Diet (Question 2)

The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word.

Note: If you need the data of the weight and height for 100 students, you can download it here:

(B) Kerja Kursus Pendidikan Moral

1) Tugasan Harian 1-4 (Tingkatan 4)

2) Tugasan Harian 5-8 (Tingkatan 5)

3) Lampiran

All the files above are in .doc format and you can open them using any versions of Microsoft Word.
Note: I won't be uploading 'Kerja Amal'.

(C) Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Coursework

1) LA1.S01.1
Computer Security Measures (Antivirus)
Apply correct security procedures using antivirus
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, make some changes (such as the name, class...), then print it out. Staple the printed pages together.

2) LA1.S01.2
Computer Security Measures (Antispyware)
Apply correct security procedures using anti-spyware
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, make some changes (such as the name, class...), then print it out. Staple the printed pages together.

3) LA1.S02.1
Impact of ICT on Society
Locate and present information on impact of ICT on society
Title: Phishing
Instructions: The file is in .ppt format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft PowerPoint. Open it and make some changes (such as the name, class...). Burn it into a CD (To do so, your computer must have a CD Burner).

4) LA2.S05.1
Current and Future Development of Open Source Software and Latest Development in ICT
Explain the latest open source software available and the latest development in ICT
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, make some changes (such as the name, class...), then print it out. Staple the printed pages together.

5) LA3.S07.1
Current and Future Development in Networks and Communications
Describe the latest development in networks and communications
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, make some changes (such as the name, class...), then print it out. Staple the printed pages together.

6) LA4.S08.1
Multimedia Development
Apply all the phases of multimedia production to produce an interactive educational multimedia project
Title: Network Topology
Instructions: The file is in .pptx format and you can only open it using Microsoft PowerPoint 2016, 2013 or 2010 (Microsoft PowerPoint 2007 can also open this file but the video and audio in it may not play). Open it and make some changes (such as the name, class...). Package it into a CD using Microsoft PowerPoint 2016, 2013 or 2010 (To do so, click 'File' > 'Export / Save & Send' > 'Package Presentation for CD' > 'Package for CD'. Your computer must have a CD Burner.).

7) LA4.S09.1
Current and Future Development of Multimedia
Gather examples of immersive multimedia in education, business or entertainment
Title: Immersive Multimedia in Business
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, make some changes (such as the name, class...), then print it out. Cut out the pictures and text and paste it into a scrapbook. Alternatively, you can also copy the text into a scrapbook by handwriting.

8) LA5.S10.1
Program Development
Apply program development phases to develop a problem-solving program
Title: Program to Calculate the Area of Rectangle
Instructions: The file is in .zip format. You need to extract (unzip/uncompress) it using 7Zip (7Zip can be downloaded free from ). Then, copy the folder 'Project VB' into a CD (To do so, your computer must have a CD Burner.). 
(Note: 'Area Rectangle.exe' is the executable file and can be opened directly. 'Project Rectangle.vbp' , 'Project Rectangle.vbw' and 'rectangle.frm' are the project files and they can be opened only by using Visual Basic 6.)

9) LA5.S11.1
Current and Future Development of the Latest Programming Languages
Find out the latest programming languages
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, then copy the contents of the file into the RF.CW.LA5.S11.1 Report Form by handwriting.

10) LA6.S12.1
Database Development
Develop a database project
Instructions: The file is in .accdb format and you can only open it using Microsoft Access 2016, 2013, 2010 or 2007. Open it and make some changes (such as the name, class...). Burn it into a CD (To do so, your computer must have a CD Burner).

11) LA6.S13.1
Current and Future Development in Information Systems
Find out current developments in computer information systems
Instructions: The file is in .doc format and you can open it using any versions of Microsoft Word. Open it, then copy the contents of the file into the RF.CW.LA6.S13.1 Report Form by handwriting.

Sunday, 1 April 2012

My Birthday Parties

Until now, I have held six parties. Of all the six, five of the parties were birthday parties, and the other one was a farewell party. My birthday is on 23 March. All of the parties were held at my house, as I do not like having a party at any restaurant. Every time, my grandmother cooked most of the foods, but she would also order food from some stalls. Once, she ordered a catering service from a restaurant. Every time, I ordered a big birthday cake from a bakery for my birthday party. I printed the invitation card by myself every year except for the first year. During every party, my parents would come back from KL.

Before year 2005, I did not hold any party. During my birthday, I only celebrate it with my grandparents. Usually, my parents will come back from Kuala Lumpur to celebrate my birthday with me. However, at year 2005, my grandparents and I moved to a new house. One of my classmate is my neighbour. She held a birthday party on 17 March 2005 and invited me to go. Because of that, I decided to also hold a party for my birthday. I held my birthday party on 26 March 2005 (Saturday), as it was a weekend. My mother made photocopies of an invitation card included with a pack of balloons and sent it to me. At first I only thought of inviting 10 friends, but later increased to 30 over. Therefore, I had to make more photocopies of the invitation cards. During that party, more than 20 of my friends attended. However, because that was my first party, it did not run well. I played games like hide-and-seek with my friends, but the games did not go on smoothly. So, I decided to open the presents. I was too happy to receive a toy car but it requires self-assembly. I asked my friends to help me fix it. A lot of time were wasted 0n that, and the party ended leaving the toy car unfixed.

On the second year, 2006, I decided to hold a birthday party again. During that party, I asked my father to print out the invitation cards. The party was held on 17 March 2006, Friday. I invited a lot of people on that year. I invited most of my classmates, one of my teacher and also my mother-side relatives. My father side cousins, my uncle and my aunt also came to my house. At the same time, one of my relative staying beside my house is having a wedding two days later, so some far relatives also attended my birthday party. I invited a total of 60 over people, but only 40 over turned up. I chose a birthday cake which is exactly the same as the previous year. This party was much better. I did not let my friends play hide-and-seek, but we played card games and board games like chess. I received the most presents that year.

On the year 2007, I again wanted to have a birthday party but my grandmother opposed it because of my UPSR. Finally, she agreed to let me hold a party. My parents bought me a printer and I printed the invitation cards myself. This year, I invited most of my classmates but not any of my relatives. I held the party exactly on 23 March 2007 since it was a Friday. This was also the first year I prepared a cardboard for my friends who attended my party to sign their names. A total of 32 people attended. I wanted to choose the same birthday cake again but it was no longer available, so I had to choose another one. Again, I played card games and board games with my friends.

On the year end of 2007, I decided to hold a Farewell Party because my friends and I were graduated. I also want to celebrate my victory of getting 7A's in UPSR. I had no time to print and give invitation cards to my friends so I could only announce it on the classroom's blackboard. The Farewell Party was held on 24 November 2007, Thursday. This time, my grandmother ordered catering service from Libra Cafe. I did not order any cake, of course. Only less than 30 of my classmates attended, and my best friend did not attend. I again let my friends sign their names on a cardboard. This party did not ran well. I wanted my friends to sing our graduation song together but they refused to and kept on disturbing. We wasted about 45 minutes for that. The food provided by the catering service was not very tasty. Besides that, this is also the first time I allowed my friends to play my computer. My friends did not give me any presents because this was a Farewell Party.

On 2008, I entered Form 1 in SMK Sultan Badlishah. Most of my former classmates went to SMJK Chio Min. I wanted to hold a birthday party again and invite my former classmates. I wanted to use this opportunity to meet my old friends. At that time, 3 of my former classmates would sometimes come to my house to visit me. I printed the invitation cards and asked them to distribute the invitation cards to the other classmates. I also invited a few new friends in SMK Sultan Badlishah but they did not attend as I invited them at the last moment. I planned to hold the party during the holidays but they were having exam after holidays. Therefore, I postponed my party to 5 April 2008. During that party, about 30 people attended. I again let them sign their names and also let them play my computer. They copied some games and songs to and from my computer through their pendrives. They watched my brother playing a computer game and liked it very much. However, at that time I did not have that game on my computer.

On 2009 when I was in Form 2, I once again hold a birthday party. This was the last party until now. I again invited most of my former classmates. I went to one of my former classmate's house and asked him to distribute the invitation cards to others. I also invited some friends from SMK Sultan Badlishah. I only invited the Chinese not the Malays because the food was not Halal. The birthday party was held on 4 April 2010. This time, 32 people attended, and 3 of them were my new friends from SMK Sultan Badlishah. This party was much similar to the previous year's party. To avoid my friends from feeling disappointed, I installed my brother's game which my friends' liked very much during the previous year's party on my computer. I tried to introduce my new friends to my old friends but they weren't interested.

On this year 2010, I did not hold any party. My excuse is that I need to study for my PMR. Actually, that isn't the reason. After the 2009 party, I just realised one thing. Since I entered SMK Sultan Badlishah, I made many new friends. However, I did not really appreciate them. Instead, I always thought that my former classmates were more important. Maybe I had this thought because my friends didn't really entertain me during the 2009 party. I just realised that my friends in SMK Sultan Badlishah were more important, as they were much closer to me compared to my former classmates. I realised that my birthday parties will be meaningless if I don't invite my friends in SMKSB. However, most of them are Malays, so I can't invite them because the food is not Halal, unless I hold my party in Pizza Hut or KFC which I do not like. My grandparents did plan to hold a party on this year but I rejected it saying that I want to study for my PMR.

However, when I entered Form 4 in 2011, my grandfather organised Form 4 tuition classes for Mathematics and Additional Mathematics. Many of my former classmates attended the class. Of course I will be attending too. In this way, I will again be close to my former classmates. Because of that, I wanted to hold a birthday party again on the year 2011. I decided that date for my 2011 birthday party to be on 16 April 2011. I began the party earlier, that is from 5:00PM to 9:30PM. I printed out the invitation cards and asked my friends who attended my grandfather's tuition class to help me distribute the invitation cards to my primary school friends who are in SMJK Chio Min. I also asked them to distribute a form to the others to confirm whether they are attending my birthday party or not. I also invited my Chinese friends from SMK Sultan Badlishah. My grandmother cooked the food for my birthday party. However, this time only 23 attended my birthday party. Many who earlier said that they are attending my birthday party did not attend. Many of my friends also came quite late, around 6PM. During the party, they are no longer interested in my computer games, but more interested in singing. They used my computer to play songs and they sang at the same time. This party is the least interesting among all because very few attended and many were late. I was rather disappointed.

I did not hold a birthday party on the year 2012. At first, I thought of holding a birthday party again since it was the last year I could hold a party because after that I and my friends will be graduating Form 5 and be separated. However, I was disappointed by the 2011 birthday party because not many of my friends attended it. Also, 2012 was the year I took my SPM and I did not want to be distracted. At last, I decided not to hold a birthday party.

Thursday, 26 January 2012

Time Travel

You might have seen in some movies and stories about people travelling to the past or future. This is known as time travel. Have you ever thought of travelling to the past or future as well? You may think that time travel is completely impossible. But actually, scientists have found a way to carry out time travel. In other words, they have found a way to travel to the past or future! So, time travel is not impossible. However, the steps to carry out time travel are extremely difficult and complicating.

Before I explain about time travel, I will first explain about something known as wormhole. A wormhole is  similar to a blackhole. A blackhole is actually the remains of a very large star after the star dies. A blackhole has very strong gravity and very great density. It will attract everything including light into it. Then, the blackhole will focus everything to a point. Therefore, a blackhole has no exit.

On the other hand, a wormhole can be explained as a blackhole that has exit. A wormhole has two ends. It  connects two time space. A time space is a location in the universe at a particular time. If you enter a wormhole from one end, you can exit from its other end. Since a wormhole connects two time space, you will end up in another time space after going through a wormhole. Therefore, wormhole can be used for time travel.

However, until now, scientists have not yet discovered any wormhole, nor they are sure if wormholes really exist. Although many blackholes have been discovered, a blackhole cannot be used for time travel because it has only one end and no exit. Even if wormholes exist, when you enter a wormhole, your body will be stretched when you go through the centre of the wormhole. But, scientists have came out with a way to create a wormhole which can be used for time travel. To create a wormhole, you will need a device known as time machine. A time machine  is made up of three parts.

The first part of the time machine is used to create a wormhole. In this part of the machine, electrons are accelerated at very high speed in a tube. Actually, a similar electron tube smaller in size is also present behind a standard television set. When the electrons are accelerated at high speeds, a wormhole is produced. The longest electron tube in the world is 2 kilometres long, and is used to produce wormholes for scientific research. However, time travel requires a wormhole that is very large in mass. In order to produce a wormhole with a mass large enough for time travel, the size of the electron tube must be at least as big as the whole solar system. Based on our current technology, it is not possible to create an electron tube that large.

The second part of the time machine is used to expand the wormhole. Even if you succeed in creating the first part of the time machine, the electron tube can only produce a wormhole with a very small volume. A wormhole with very small volume cannot be used for time travel. Therefore, the wormhole must be expanded to increase its volume. In a blackhole, its very strong gravitational force causes anything attracted into it to shrink. So, if you do the opposite, by applying anti-gravitational force, this will cause the wormhole to expand. To do so, you need a 'special' substance that can produce anti-gravitational force. However, currently scientists have not yet discovered any substance that can produce anti-gravitational force.

The third part of the time machine is used to transport the wormhole. It is actually a spacecraft that can transport a wormhole. After the wormhole has been created and expanded by the first and second part of the time machine, this part of the time machine transports the wormhole to the correct location in space and makes the necessary calculations. After that, the time travel can be carried out. However, scientists are not yet able to create a spacecraft that can transport a wormhole.

Although the scientists have found a way to build a time machine to carry out time travel, our current technology doesn't allow us to do so. There are many great problems and difficulties that we have to face and overcome in order to create a time machine. So, currently it is surely impossible for us to carry out time travel. Maybe in the future, scientists are able to overcome these problems and successfully create a time machine.