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Friday, 27 December 2013

Tips for SPM Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral

For my SPM in year 2012, I got A+ for both Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral. Do you want to know how to score in SPM for these 2 subjects? Here, I am posting the complete tips for SPM Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral. These tips are intended for Form 4 and Form 5 students this year who are taking SPM 2017 or SPM 2018.

Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html


SPM SEJARAH:

Note: These tips for SPM Sejarah are based on the latest examination format from SPM 2013 onwards.

1. Studying tips
- Both the Form 4 and Form 5 textbooks are 100% complete. If you are in Form 5 and you do not have the Form 4 textbook, I would recommend you to buy one from the bookshop or borrow one from your friends and photostat it. However, studying using the textbooks can be boring, difficult and slow because they contain too much text in essay form. Therefore, you should also get a reference book. I recommend you to use the Success Sejarah SPM reference book by Oxford Fajar. However, the reference book is only about 95% complete.
- When studying a topic for the first time, read though the facts and explanations in the reference book. If possible, you should read it as a story to help you remember it and also make it more interesting to study. Try to understand every sentence that you read because this can help you to remember them. However, it may not be possible to understand some facts because there is no explanation for them. You should have an idea on what you have read and understood.
- Then, you have to remember everything that you have read. Do not memorise exactly all sentences because it is almost impossible to do so since there are so many sentences in the book. Instead, you should memorise the keywords for every sentence which can give you the idea on what that sentence is about. You can then use those keywords to create your own sentence. Make sure that you can remember what every sentence is about.
- For events or incidents, the sentences are often related to each other by 'cause-and-effect', where the event in one sentence is caused by another event in the previous sentence, and will cause another event in the following sentence. Try to find out that relationship because it can help you remember the events. You should also try to remember it as a story that you have read. For facts, you should remember it based on your understanding if there is explanation for them. If there are too many facts for a particular subtopic, you can try to group two or more similar facts together and remember them as one.
- You need to do revision for every topics regularly in order to ensure that you remember everything for a long time. The more revision you do, the more you can remember. Revise as many times as you can until you are sure that you have remembered everything. When doing revision, go through all the facts and explanations in the reference book. You should find out what you still remember and what you have forgotten. For anything that you have forgotten, you must memorise it again.
- Since the reference book is only about 95% complete, after you have understood and remembered everything in the reference book, you should go through the textbooks as well. Look for facts in the textbook that are not found in the reference book, especially those in the Sudut Maklumat. You should read though and understand them, then remember them.
- You also have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed with doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers for every question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can help you when answering exam questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should first go through the subtopics that you think you may have forgotten. Then, go through other topics as well if possible.
- Every year, there are predictions made by teachers on the subtopics that will be tested in the SPM Sejarah Paper 2. Usually, only some but not all of the predictions are true. You should not rely on those predictions and you should prepare for all topics if possible. Besides that, subtopics that have been tested in the previous year Paper 2 are usually not tested again in the following year Paper 2, but this is not always true. You can skip those topics if you do not have time, but avoid doing so if possible.
- One months before the exam, a general topic will be released for Sejarah Paper 3. You should look for materials that are relevant to the topic in books, newspapers, magazines, the internet and other sources. You should also discuss with your teacher and friends about that topic.

2. Paper 1
- Read the question and all the options carefully. Cancel off the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Then, choose the most suitable answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2 Bahagian A
- You need not answer in complete sentences. You are allowed to write extra answers for all questions. Marks will only be given for the correct answers, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable answers. There is no limit on how many answers you are allowed to write.

4. Paper 2 Bahagian B
- You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, half of the marks you scored for that question will be deducted. (For example, if you get 6 marks, 3 marks will be deducted.) You should also answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood.
- If the question says 'Nyatakan', 'Berikan', 'Namakan', 'Tuliskan' or something similar, you only need to write facts without elaboration. If the question says 'Jelaskan', 'Terangkan', 'Huraikan', 'Bincangkan' or something similar, you should give facts and elaborations. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer. Marks will only be given for the correct points, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable points. There is no limit on how many points you are allowed to write.

5. Paper 2 both Bahagian A & B
- Bahagian A consists of 4 structured questions where you must answer all questions while Bahagian B consists of 7 essay questions and you can choose any 3 of them. You can answer extra questions in Bahagian B if you have time. The examiner will mark all questions you answer and choose the questions where you score the highest marks.
- When answering, read the question carefully. Make sure that you know what the question is asking for. For questions on facts, answer based on your knowledge and understanding on the relevant topic in Sejarah. You can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in the textbook. You can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not advised to give facts that are not found in the textbooks. For questions on your own opinion, you have to give your own ideas, based on your knowledge in Sejarah or your general knowledge. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook or revision books if they are relevant. For all questions, your answer must be specific and not too general.
- Avoid making spelling errors in your answers. For minor spelling errors, marks is usually not deducted, but for major spelling errors, marks may be deducted. If your make grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. Avoid using any short forms in your answer, especially short forms that are not found in the textbook. If you use short forms that are found in the textbook, marks is usually not deducted, but if you use short forms that are not found in the textbook, marks may be deducted.

6. Paper 3
- Paper 3 consists of 1 question with several parts. It is an open-book test. For Paper 3, bring both the Form 4 and Form 5 textbooks and revision books into the examination hall. You should also bring in any other materials that are relevant to the general topic released one month before the exam.
- When answering, read the questions carefully. Make sure that you know what the question is asking for. Usually, questions on facts carry the first 50 marks, while questions on your own opinion (KBKK) carry the other 50 marks. For questions on facts, look for the answers from the textbook. You can copy the sentences directly from the textbook. You can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not advised to give facts that are not found in the textbooks. For questions on your own opinion, you have to give your own ideas, based on your knowledge in Sejarah or your general knowledge. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook, revision books or other materials if they are relevant. For all questions, your answer must be specific and not too general.
- Avoid making spelling errors in your answers. For minor spelling errors, marks is usually not deducted, but for major spelling errors, marks may be deducted. If your make grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. Avoid using any short forms in your answer, especially short forms that are not found in the textbook. If you use short forms that are found in the textbook, marks is usually not deducted, but if you use short forms that are not found in the textbook, marks may be deducted.
- You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, marks will be deducted. You should also answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood. Organise your answer into different paragraphs. Answer for different parts of the question should be written in different paragraphs.
- If the question says 'Nyatakan', 'Berikan', 'Namakan', 'Tuliskan' or something similar, you only need to give facts without elaboration. If the question says 'Jelaskan', 'Terangkan', 'Huraikan', 'Bincangkan' or something similar, you should give facts and elaborations. The number of marks allocated for the part of question usually shows the number of points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer. Marks will only be given for the correct points, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable points.



SPM PENDIDIKAN MORAL:

Note: These tips for SPM Pendidikan Moral are based on the latest format and style of the questions in Bahagian B from SPM 2013 onwards.

1. Studying tips
- You should have a list of all the 36 Nilai in the syllabus and their Definisi and Kata Kunci. If you don't have one, get it from your teacher.
- You need to understand the meaning and usage for every Nilai. Read the Definisi of every Nilai and try to understand it. The textbook also contains some explanations and examples that can help you understand the Nilai. You should also pay attention when your teacher is teaching in class. If you still do not understand the Nilai, ask your teacher.
- You have to remember every Nilai and its Definisi and Kata Kunci. You must memorise them exactly as in the syllabus, especially for the Nilai and Kata Kunci. All spellings, Imbuhan and order of words in the Nilai and Kata Kunci must be exactly the same as in the syllabus. For other parts of the Definisi that is not part of the Kata Kunci, slight differences may be allowed, but you are strongly advised to memorise them exactly. This will help you to answer questions on Nilai.
- You teacher should to able provide you with notes for the academic content of every Nilai when teaching in class. If your teacher does not provide you with any notes, you should either take down your own notes in class or request your teacher to give you notes.
- You should read through and understand everything in your teacher's notes. Then, you have to remember them. You should also read and understand the textbook and remember the facts that can be found in the textbook. This will help you to answer questions on facts and on your own opinion (KBKK).
- You have to regularly do revision. When revising, go through all the 36 Nilai, Kata Kunci and Definisi. Make sure that you remember all of them exactly as in the syllabus. You should also go through your teacher's notes and the facts in the textbook. Regular and repeated revision will help you to remember everything for a long time.
- Then, you have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by doing topical questions. When you have understood all Nilai, proceed with doing SPM model test papers and past year SPM trial questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out the acceptable Nilai and answers for every question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can help you when answering exam questions.
- You must know the correct answering techniques for SPM Pendidikan Moral, especially for the Nilai questions. Refer to the Answering tips below.

2. Bahagian A
-  When answering, read the questions and situation carefully. Make sure that you know what the question is asking for.
- When answering questions on Nilai, you must use the Nilai in the syllabus. Choose the Nilai among the 36 that are most suitable and relevant to the question, based on the definition of every Nilai. Look at the number of Nilai you need to write as stated in the question and the marks allocated for the question. For 1 Nilai 1 Mark, 2 Nilai 2 Marks or 3 Nilai 3 Marks questions, you only need to give Nilai without Penerangan or Contoh. For 1 Nilai 2 Marks, 2 Nilai 4 Marks or 3 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you need to give Nilai and Penerangan without Contoh. For 1 Nilai 3 Marks or 2 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you need to give Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh. 1 mark is given for each correct Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh. However, marks can only be given for Penerangan if the Nilai mark is scored, and similarly, marks can only be given for Contoh if the both the Nilai and Penerangan marks are scored.
- When writing the Nilai, you can write down the Nilai straight away. You should include the word 'Nilai' in front of the Nilai you wrote.
- When writing the Penerangan, you should include the Watak / Situasi and one Kata Kunci of the Nilai. For 1 Nilai 2 Marks, 2 Nilai 4 Marks and 3 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you also have to relate the Penerangan to the question. The best way to do so is by giving an example from the question (similar to writing Contoh). You can repeat the same example when relating the Penerangan for other Nilai to the question. For 1 Nilai 3 marks and 2 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you do not need to relate the Penerangan to the question. You must write the Penerangan in one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed the Kata Kunci of the Nilai and then relate the Penerangan to the question (if necessary).
- When writing the Contoh, begin with 'Contohnya' and give an example that is relevant to the Penerangan. You must write the Contoh in one complete sentence. You are advised to relate the Contoh to the Penerangan. If there are examples in the question, you can use them. You can also use other suitable examples that are not in the question. However, you cannot repeat the same example when writing the Contoh for other Nilai, unless if you make some changes by relating the Contoh to the Penerangan in a different way with different meaning.
- When writing the Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh, the spelling for all Nilai, Kata Kunci and Watak/Situasi must be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other words, marks is usually not deducted for wrong spelling. The imbuhan and susunan of the Nilai and Kata Kunci must also be exactly the same as in the syllabus. (For example, you cannot write 'Mematuhi Peraturan dan Undang-undang' as 'Pematuhan Peraturan dan Undang-undang' or 'Mematuhi Undang-undang dan Peraturan' ) Do not give any Nilai that is not among the 36 in the syllabus. If your make grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing.
- When answering questions on Definisi Nilai, you must give the complete definition of the Nilai, including all the Kata Kunci. Make sure that Definisi is exactly the same as in the syllabus, especially for the Kata Kunci. If the Kata Kunci is not exactly the same as in the syllabus, marks may be deducted. For other parts of the Definisi, slight differences is usually not penalised.
- When answering questions on your own opinion (KBKK), you have to give your own ideas. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook, revision books or your teacher's notes if they are relevant, and sometimes you have to make some changes to suit the question. Your answer must be specific and not too general. For 1 Answer 1 Mark, 2 Answer 2 Marks, 3 Answer 3 Marks and 4 Answer 4 Marks questions, you only need to give facts without elaboration. For 1 Answer 2 Marks, 2 Answer 4 Marks and 3 Answer 6 Marks questions, you have to give facts and elaboration for every facts.
- When answering questions on facts (Akta / Tokoh / Pertubuhan), give your answer based on your general knowledge as well as relevant facts in the textbook, revision books or your teacher's notes. You should give the full name of the Akta, Pertubuhan or Tokoh. For Akta, you are advised to include the year of the Akta. For Pertubuhan, avoid writing only short forms in your answer, especially short forms that are not officially used by that Pertubuhan. If you write short forms that are officially used, marks is usually not deducted, but if you write short forms that are not officially used, marks may be deducted. All spellings should be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted.
- For all questions in Bahagian A, you are allowed to write only one extra answer for every part of the questions. Marks will only be given for the correct answers, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable answers. If you write more than one extra answers, those extra answers will not be marked.

3. Bahagian B
When answering, read the question and situation carefully. The question may ask you to give Nilai or others. Make sure that you know what the question is asking for.
a) For questions on anything except Nilai,
- You have to give your own ideas. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook, revision books or your teacher's notes if they are relevant, and sometimes you have to make some changes to suit the question. Your answer must be specific and not too general.
- For questions requiring 5 answers, you should give 5 Fakta and a Huraian for each of the Fakta. For questions requiring 3 answers, you should give 3 Fakta, as well as a Huraian and a Contoh/Huraian Lanjut for each of the Fakta.
- You must write each of the Fakta and Huraian/Contoh in complete sentence. The Fakta and Huraian/Contoh should be written in separate sentences. 1 mark is given for each correct Fakta and Huraian/Contoh. However, marks can only be given for Huraian if the mark for Fakta is scored.
- Some questions may first ask you whether you agree or disagree with something, whether something is correct or not, or something similar. In that case, you should first answer that (For example, by stating that you agree or disagree) before proceeding with the rest of the question. 1 mark may be given for that.
- Marks is usually not deducted for incorrect spelling or grammatical errors, as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, marks will be deducted.
- You should not include any Nilai in your answer unless if the question says otherwise. You are allowed to write 1 extra Fakta for every question. Marks will only be given for the correct Fakta, and marks will not be deducted for wrong Fakta. If you write more than 1 extra Fakta, those extra Fakta will not be marked.
- For every Fakta, you are allowed to write extra Huraian/Contoh in your answer. Marks will only be given for the correct Huraian/Contoh, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable Huraian/Contoh. There is no limit on how many Huraian/Contoh you are allowed to write.
b) For questions on Nilai,
- Usually, you have to give 2 Nilai based on the question. In rare cases, the question may ask you to give 3 Nilai. You must use the Nilai in the syllabus. Choose the Nilai among the 36 that are most suitable and relevant to the question, based on the definition of every Nilai.
- For each of the Nilai, you need to give 2 Penerangan and 2 Contoh. 1 mark is given for each correct Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh. However, marks can only be given for Penerangan if the Nilai mark is scored, and similarly, marks can only be given for Contoh if the both the Nilai and Penerangan marks are scored.
- When writing each Nilai, you should include the Watak / Situasi. You must write the Nilai in one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed by the Nilai. Do not forget to include the word 'Nilai' in front of the Nilai you wrote.
- When writing each Penerangan, you should include the Watak / Situasi and one Kata Kunci of the Nilai. You do not need to relate the Penerangan to the question. You must write the Penerangan in one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed the Kata Kunci of the Nilai.
- When writing each Contoh, begin with 'Contohnya' and give an example that is relevant to the Penerangan. You must write the Contoh in one complete sentence. You are advised to relate the Contoh to the Penerangan. If there are examples in the question, you can use them. You can also use other suitable examples that are not in the question. However, you cannot repeat the same example when writing the Contoh for other Nilai, unless if you make some changes by relating the Contoh to the Penerangan in a different way with different meaning.
- When writing the Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh, the spelling for all Nilai, Kata Kunci and Watak/Situasi must be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other words, marks is usually not deducted for wrong spelling. The imbuhan and susunan of the Nilai and Kata Kunci must also be exactly the same as in the syllabus. (For example, you cannot write 'Mematuhi Peraturan dan Undang-undang' as 'Pematuhan Peraturan dan Undang-undang' or 'Mematuhi Undang-undang dan Peraturan' )
- Do not give any Nilai that is not among the 36 in the syllabus. If your make grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, marks will be deducted.
- You are allowed to write up to 3 Nilai for every question. Marks will only be given for the correct Nilai, and marks will not be deducted for wrong Nilai. If you write more than 3 Nilai, those extra Nilai will not be marked. However, if the question asks you to give 3 Nilai, then you can write up to 4 Nilai.
- For every Nilai and Penerangan, you are allowed to write extra Contoh in your answer. Marks will only be given for the correct Contoh, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable Contoh. There is no limit on how many Contoh you are allowed to write.

If you need help in doing the Kerja Kursus Pendidikan Moral, you can use my coursework as a guide. Download my coursework here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2011/09/ict-and-moral-folio.html


Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html

15 comments:

  1. Thanks...this is what my teacher also recommended us to do in form 4...wahhhh...the moral is 100% true...;D

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi , I realized that I had wrote tanggungjawab , instead of bertanggungjawab for my moral paper today . However I'm sure that the kata kunci and watak is right , so how do the examiner deduct my mark ? Would they deduct for the wrong nilai only which is 1 mark , or the whole sentence would not be accepted since I wrote tanggungjawab?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi pop mint, u are having spm this year too? Same here :) i just want to find out whether did u answer the first bahagian b esei question? If yes, what nilai did u write?

      Delete
    2. Based on the old mark scheme, you will not get any marks for that Nilai and its Penerangan since the mark for Penerangan is dependent on the mark for Nilai. As I have stated in my tips above, the spelling and imbuhan for Nilai is very important. However, I am not sure if this is still the same for the new mark scheme.

      Delete
  3. Pihak kedua-dua accepted?

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hi! I am sitting for spm this year and i just did my sejarah paper 2 badly this afternoon. But it feels like what I read is different from what i was being tested. I am aiming for straight A+ and the sejarah is definitely going to spoil my dream. Erm anyway it's really kind of you to share your tips, thanks!

    ReplyDelete
  5. http://subashanisuppiah.blogspot.my/2014/01/useful-tips-for-sejarah-spm-is-one-of.html this person is plagarize your blog .

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I don't mind about that actually. As I have stated,
      "All materials on this blog have no copyright. You can freely copy anything from this blog."
      Thanks for letting me know though.

      Delete
  6. sir my moral folio has been rejected by my teacher because i didnt pass up on time,will it affected my spm moral seriously?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. As far as I know, teachers have no right to reject the folio just because you submit it late. What they are allowed to do is to deduct your marks for it. If your teacher still rejects it, you should make a complaint.

      Actually, marks for the folio are not included in the SPM. However, you must complete and submit the folio, otherwise you will get no results for SPM Moral.

      Delete
  7. Hi, the moral essay can we write in paragraphs...like a nilai/fakta with huraian a paragraph, another nilai/fakta another paragraph?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are allowed to write them in separate paragraphs. However, it is highly recommended that you write everything in one paragraph.

      Delete
  8. Thanks im worried with paper 2 sejarah because it is essay and we didnt know which one will come out, I always got A+,A,A- for Sejarah but :(( my teacher didnt even teach us history and he still didnt give us our sej trial paper back, I will be sitting spm examination next week sigh :(( the same goes in pt3 year I also got teacher didnt even come to class to teach history...

    ReplyDelete